RECONSTRUCTION OF ENERGY MANAGEMENT LAW BASED ON INDONESIA’S LEGAL SYSTEM

Sulaiman Sulaiman, Ade Arif Firmansyah
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Abstract


Abstract 

 

There are two things that became an important part of studies in Indonesian law related to energy management. The first, related to the management of natural resources, the position of the energy regulation is not only limited in the context of the law on energy (Law 30/2007), but also associated with a numbers of laws of other energy sources, Oil and Gas (Law 22/2001), Geothermal (Law 21/2014), Mineral and Coal Mining (Law 4/2009), and Electricity (Act 30/2009). Second, the energy sector is also related to other sectors, that is: forestry, water resources, marine and fisheries, agriculture and plantations, as well as land. All sectors is impossible to separate from each other because the energy sector is in the context and in contact with other sectors. On this basis, the position of energy (and energy sectors) is very complex. Moreover, in reality of legislation, all sectors seem try to influence each other. Ideally, all of the management must reflect to the state ideology, as natural resources energy must be managed for the greater prosperity of the people. Energy should not be administered arbitrarily because in addition to the utilization, the existence of natural resources should not be separated from the philosophical orientation of indonesian legislation, Pancasila and The 1945 Constitution. However, the reality of energy legislation indicated of authority compete between sectors and alignments to society is not optimal. This is due to the legal nature of the energy sector which is liberal and still- exploitation oriented and pro-capitalist. By using socio-legal approach, this paper describes the reconstruction of law oriented to the Indonesian legal system in energy management based on Pancasila and the 1945 Constitution as the foundation and soul of the energy sector law.

 

Keywords: Reconstruction of law, energy management, the Indonesian legal system.

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.25041/fiatjustisia.v12no1.1146

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