Community Participation in the Prevention of Environmental Damage: Forms and Challenges

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.25041/aelr.v4i2.2992

Abstract

This research examined the national and international legal frameworks governing community involvement in environmental damage prevention and the challenges. This qualitative research was performed in the form of normative legal research and regarded thorough review of various international legal instruments and field cases related to community participation in the prevention of environmental damage. Using Seherly Arnenstein's theory of community participation, community participation in environmental conservation was explored. The results show that community participation in preventing environmental damage is legally acknowledged by the national and international laws. At the international level, several agreements, such as the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC), the Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD), and the Basel Convention, have established a legal framework for preventing environmental damage, including community participation. Meanwhile, at the national level, Law No. 32/2009 on Environmental Protection and Management (UU PPLH) has regulated the rights and obligations of the community in protecting the environment. Furthermore, this research found that community participation in preventing environmental damage can be done through decision-making processes, access to environmental information, and participation in implementing environmental policies. However, there are still challenges and obstacles in its implementation related to limited access to information, lack of public awareness, and lack of government and private sector support. Therefore, efforts should be made to bolster community engagement in preventing environmental harm by enhancing the access to environmental education and information, as well as creating more dynamic and impactful platforms for community involvement. The active participation of government bodies, civil society organizations, and private sector entities is crucial in facilitating and ensuring effective community engagement in environmental preservation efforts.

Keywords:

Environment, Community Participation, Prevention

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Authors

  • Siti Mariyam Universitas 17 Agustus 1945 (UNTAG) Semarang, Indonesia
  • Adhi Putra Satria Universitas 17 Agustus 1945 Semarang, Indonesia
  • M. Samsudin Universitas 17 Agustus 1945 (UNTAG) Semarang, Indonesia

Published

2023-07-31

How to Cite

Mariyam, Siti, Adhi Putra Satria, and M. Samsudin. 2023. “Community Participation in the Prevention of Environmental Damage: Forms and Challenges”. Administrative and Environmental Law Review 4 (2):107-18. https://doi.org/10.25041/aelr.v4i2.2992.

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Articles