THE CHANGES OF RUSSIAN EXCLUSIVE ECONOMIC ZONE IN THE BLACK SEA AFTER THE ANEXATION OF CRIMEA

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.25041/cepalo.v4no2.2079

Abstract

Russia is a country that has a very large area and a lot of resources. February 2014 Russia carried out an act of annexation on the Crimean Peninsula. The consequences of the annexation of Crimea by Russia go beyond concerns over land sovereignty and deep into the waters of the Black Sea especially those associated with the Sea of the Exclusive Economic Zone. In the Exclusive Economic Zone, the coastal state has the right to regulate all exploration activities as well as exploitation of natural resources at sea level, on the seabed and also under the sea, as well as to conduct research on biological resources and other marine resources. Problems arise, namely: how the changes in the marine area of Russia's exclusive economic zone in the Black Sea after the annexation of Crimea and how the impact of the increasing sea area of Russia's exclusive economic zone in the black sea due to Crimea's annexation of Ukraine. This study aims to look at changes in the marine area of Russia's exclusive economic zone in the Black Sea after the annexation of Crimea and its impact on Ukraine. The research method used in this research is a qualitative normative research method in research of library materials which is basic data which in science is classified as secondary data which relies on data collection tools in the form of library studies or document studies on the problem of changes in the sea zone. Russia's exclusive economy on the Black sea following the annexation of Crimea. The results show that a very significant change in Russia's sea area in the Black Sea will certainly provide enormous benefits in the utilization of this new exclusive economic zone for Russia. The International Court of Justice can resolve conflicts between Ukraine and Russia. UNCLOS 1982 can be used as a guide in solving problems considering Russia and Ukraine. For Ukraine, economic needs in the economic field such as fisheries, mineral needs, sea traffic flow, the needs of the Ukrainian army, and trade routes were the effects of Russia's annexation of Crimea.

Keywords:

Annexation, Crimea, Sea, ZEE,

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Authors

  • Bertoni Dean Simamora Fakultas Hukum, Universitas Diponegoro
  • Joko Setiyono Fakultas Hukum, Universitas Diponegoro

Published

2020-09-29

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Section

Artikel