Legal Framework Publication of State Secrets via Cyberspace in Indonesia



The issue of publishing information and electronic data that fall under the category of state secrets via cyberspace remains unregulated in Indonesia, leading to a complex debate between the state's secrecy and the public's right to access information. This tension has been further intensified by the Fourth Industrial Revolution and the widespread availability of information, making it difficult to distinguish between state secrets and public information. As a result, individuals or entities who disseminate state secrets through cyberspace may not be held accountable unless specific regulations are established. This study adopts a normative juridical approach with a legal and conceptual framework to examine the intersection of state secrets and the publication of information through cyberspace, examining relevant provisions from existing laws and regulations. The study's findings may provide the legal vacuum concerning the criminalization of individuals who have published information or electronic information that may be categorized as state secrets through cyberspace.


Cyberspace, Publication, State Secret


Cavazos, E. A., & Morin, G. Cyberspace and the Law: Your Rights and Duties in the On-line World. Boston: MIT Press, 1994.

Emerson, T. I. Legal Foundation of the Right to Know. Washington: Wahs ULQ, 1976.

Grabowski, M., & Robinson, E. P. Cyber Law and Ethics: Regulation of the Connected World. Routledge, 2022.

Mahfud, M.D. Demokrasi dan Konstitusi di Indonesia: Studi tentang Interaksi Politik dan Kehidupan Ketatanegaraan. Jakarta: Rineka Cipta, 2000.

Makarim, E. Kompilasi Hukum Telematika. Ed. 1. Cet. 1, Jakarta: PT RajaGrafindo, 2003.

Sagar, R. Secrets and Leaks: The Dilemma of State Secrecy. New Jersey: Princeton University Press, 2013.

Aftergood, S. Reducing Government Secrecy: Finding What Works. Yale Law and Policy Review 27, 399–416.

Chen, L., & Zhang, J. (2020). The Blurred Boundaries Between Budget Transparency and State Secrecy: a Survey of Three Departments Across 36 Chinese Municipalities. East Asia, 37(4), 301–316.

Fahrurrozi, R., Murwadji, T., & Rukmini, M. Problematika Pengungkapan Rahasia Bank Antara Kepentingan Negara Dan Perlindungan Kepada Nasabah. Esensi Hukum, 2(1), 2020: 77–96. DOI

Laksana, Andri W. Cybercrime Comparison Under Criminal Law in some Countries. Jurnal Pembaharuan Hukum, 5, No. 2 (2018): 217-226. DOI:

Mokrosinska, D.The People’s Right to Know and State Secrecy. Canadian Journal of Law and Jurisprudence, 31(1), 2018: 87–106.

Morgan, L. (Re)conceptualising state secrecy. Northern Ireland Legal Quarterly, 69(1), 2018.

Nurdiansyah, E. Keterbukaan Informasi Publik sebagai Upaya Mewujudkan Transparansi bagi Masyarakat. Jurnal Bhineka Tunggal Ika, 3(2), 2016: 147–151.

Nurtjahjo, H. Perspektif Hukum sekitar RUU tentang Rahasia Negara. Jurnal Hukum & Pembangunan, XXXII(2), 2002: 213–224.

Ottosen, R. (2013). WikiLeaks: news in the networked era. Digital Journalism, 1(1), 169–170.

Puspitaningrum, P. Analisis Hukum Internasional terhadap Pemberian Suaka Diplomatik kepada Julian Assange oleh Kedutaan Besar Ekuador di Inggris. Belli Ac Pacis, 6(2), 2020: 58–64. DOI

Siar, B. L. Sanksi Pidana Akibat Tindakan Membocorkan Rahasia Intelijen Negara Republik Indonesia. Lex Crimen, V(3), 5–13, 2016.

Thompson, D. Democratic Secrecy, Political Science, 144(2), 1999: 181.

Constitution of the Republic of Indonesia Year 1945.

Law Number 1 Year 1946 concerning Criminal Law Regulations.

Law Number 10 Year 1998 concerning Amendments to Law Number 7 Year 1992 concerning Banking.

Law Number 34 Year 2004 concerning the Indonesian National Army.

Law Number 14 Year 2008 concerning Public Information Disclosure.

Law Number 11 Year 2008 concerning Electronic Information and Transactions.

Law Number 43 Year 2009 concerning Archives.

Law Number 17 Year 2011 concerning State Intelligence.


Download data is not yet available.
Total Abstract Views: 9 | Total Downloads: 10



  • Yasir Adi Pratama Universitas Brawijaya, Indonesia



How to Cite

Pratama, Yasir Adi. 2023. “Legal Framework Publication of State Secrets via Cyberspace in Indonesia”. Constitutionale 4 (2):99-110.