Domestic Violence against Women in Indonesia: The Recent Domestic Violence Elimination Law Analysis

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.25041/fiatjustisia.v15no4.2276

Abstract

Even though Law Number 23 of 2004 concerning on the Elimination of Domestic Violence was promulgated fifteen years ago, the number of domestic violence against women has not significantly decreased. The Law has not set concrete actions that may fall under the domestic violence that can be punished, particularly in terms of sexual abuse psychological violence, and negligence in household towards women. This research aims to analyze domestic violence against women in this Law and the conducts that are considered to be domestic violence which is commonly found in daily life in Indonesia. A   purely qualitative research method encompassing document analysis of key documents in Indonesia and the Anti-Domestic Violence Law 2004 is adopted in this paper. The research reveals that This Law is particularly protecting women from household violence in Indonesia. The law has recognized physical violence, sexual violence, psychological violence, and negligence as sorts of domestic violence against women in household although it might find difficult to enforce the law when dealing with marital rape regarding lack of reports from victims and polygamy concerning circumstances that can be used to criminalize the perpetrators.

Keywords:

Domestic, violence, women, Indonesia, Elimination

References

Afrianty, Dina. “Agents for Change: Local Women’s Organizations and Domestic Violence in Indonesia.” Bijdragen Tot de Taal- Land- En Volkenkunde / Journal of the Humanities and Social Sciences of Southeast Asia and Oceania 174, no. 1 (2018): 24–46. https://doi.org/10.1163/22134379-17401024.

Aisyah, Siti, and Lyn Parker. “Problematic Conjugations: Women’s Agency, Marriage and Domestic Violence in Indonesia.” Asian Studies Review 38, no. 2 (2014): 205–23. https://doi.org/10.1080/10357823.2014.899312.

Alfitri, Alfitri. “Protecting Women from Domestic Violence: Islam, Family Law, and the State in Indonesia.” Studia Islamika 27, no. 2 (2020): 273–307. https://doi.org/10.36712/sdi.v27i2.9408.

Arief, Hanafi. “Legal Protection Against Women Victims by The Indonesian Domestic Violence Act 23, 2004.” Sriwijaya Law Review 1, no. 1 (2017): 110–21. https://doi.org/10.28946/slrev.Vol1.Iss1.12.pp110-121.

Bennett, Linda R., Sari Andajani-Sutjahjo, and Nurul I. Idrus. “Domestic Violence in Nusa Tenggara Barat, Indonesia: Married Women’s Definitions and Experiences of Violence in the Home.” The Asia Pacific Journal of Anthropology 12, no. 2 (2011): 146–63. https://doi.org/10.1080/14442213.2010.547514.

Drijber, Babette C., Udo JL Reijnders, and Manon Ceelen. “Male Victims of Domestic Violence.” Journal of Family Violence 28, no. 2 (2013): 173–78. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10896-012-9482-9.

Goodmark, Leigh S. “Should Domestic Violence Be Decriminalized?” Harvard Journal of Law & Gender 40, no. 15 (2017): 53–113.

Hayati, Elli Nur, Maria Emmelin, and Malin Eriksson. “Challenges for a Local Service Agency to Address Domestic Violence–A Case Study from Rural Indonesia.” Global Journal of Health Science 6, no. 6 (2014): 214–25. https://doi.org/10.5539/gjhs.v6n5p214.

Irawan, Andrie. “Batasan Penelantaran Rumah Tangga Dalam Perspektif Hukum Kekerasan Dalam Rumah Tangga Dan Hukum Perkawinan Indonesia.” Jurnal Hukum Responsif 7, no. 2 (2019): 100–109. http://jurnal.pancabudi.ac.id/index.php/hukumresponsif/article/view/735.

Maghfiroh, Roikhatul. “Kekerasan Seksual (Pemerkosaan) Dalam Rumah Tangga Sebagai Alasan Pengajuan Perceraian Dalam Tinjauan Hukum Islam Dan Hukum Positif.” Al-Mazahib: Jurnal Pemikiran Hukum 7, no. 2 (2019): 239–49. http://ejournal.uin-suka.ac.id/syariah/almazahib/article/view/2205.

Mahfud, Mahfud. “Crime Victims Protection in Indonesia: An Analysis of the Recent Victim Protection Acts.” Kertha Patrika 42, no. 2 (2020): 115–31. https://doi.org/10.24843/KP.2020.v42.i02.p02.

McQuigg, Ronagh JAMcQuigg, Ronagh JA. “Domestic Violence as a Human Rights Issue: Rumor v. Italy.” European Journal of International Law 26, no. 4 (2015): 1009–25. https://doi.org/10.1093/ejil/chv057.

Munir, Lily Zakiyah. “Domestic Violence in Indonesia.” Muslim World Journal of Human Rights 2, no. 1 (2005): 1–37. https://doi.org/10.2202/1554-4419.1031.

Nur Hayati, Elli, Malin Eriksson, Mohammad Hakimi, Ulf Högberg, and Maria Emmelin. “Elastic Band Strategy’: Women’s Lived Experience of Coping with Domestic Violence in Rural Indonesia.” Global Health Action 6, no. 1 (2013): 1–12. https://doi.org/10.3402/gha.v6i0.18894.

Perempuan, Komisi Nasional Anti Kekerasan Terhadap. “Instrumen Pemantauan Monev.” Komnas Perempuan, 2021. https://komnasperempuan.go.id/instrumen-pemantauan-monevdetail/menemukenali-kekerasan-dalam-rumah-tangga-kdrt.

Purwanti, Ani, and Fajar Ahmad Setiawan. “The State of Policy of Anti Domestic Violence During Covid-19 Pandemic in Indonesia.” Brawijaya Law Journal: Journal of Legal Studies 7, no. 2 (2020): 238–54. https://doi.org/10.21776/ub.blj.2020.007.02.07.

Putra, I Gusti Ngurah Edi, Putu Erma Pradnyani, and Ni Wayan Putri Larassita Parwangsa. “Vulnerability to Domestic Physical Violence among Married Women in Indonesia.” Journal of Health Research 33, no. 2 (2019): 90–105. https://doi.org/10.1108/JHR-06-2018-0018.

Riggins, Leah. “Criminalizing Marital Rape in Indonesia.” Boston College Third World Law Journal 24, no. 2 (2004): 421–26. https://lawdigitalcommons.bc.edu/twlj/vol24/iss2/6.

Rofiah, Nur. “Kekerasan Dalam Rumah Tangga Dalam Perspektif Islam.” Wawasan: Jurnal Ilmiah Agama Dan Sosial Budaya 2, no. 1 (2017): 31–44. https://doi.org/10.15575/jw.v2i1.829.

Rumble, Lauren, Ryan Fajar Febrianto, Melania Niken Larasati, Carolyn Hamilton, Ben Mathews, and Michael P. Dunne. “Childhood Sexual Violence in Indonesia: A Systematic Review.” Trauma, Violence, & Abuse 21, no. 2 (2020): 284–99. https://doi.org/10.1177/1524838018767932.

Sagar, Rajesh, and Gagan Hans. “Domestic Violence and Mental Health.” Journal of Mental Health and Human Behaviour 23, no. 1 (2018): 2–3. https://doi.org/10.4103/0971-8990.244924.

Šimonović, Dubravka. “Global and Regional Standards on Violence Against Women: The Evolution and Synergy of the CEDAW and Istanbul Conventions.” Human Rights Quarterly 26, no. 3 (2014): 590–606. http://www.jstor.org/stable/24518259.

Sitompul, Roswita, Alesyanti, and Muhammad Ridwan. “Domestic Violence as Initiated by Batak Culture in East Medan, Indonesia.” Journal of Human Behavior in the Social Environment 30, no. 7 (2020): 835–42. https://doi.org/10.1080/10911359.2020.1750526.

Susila, Muhammad Endriyo. “Islamic Perspective on Marital Rape.” Jurnal Media Hukum 20, no. 2 (2013): 317–32. https://journal.umy.ac.id/index.php/jmh/article/view/271.

Venning, Philippa. “Marrying Contested Approaches: Empowerment and the Imposition of International Principles: Domestic Violence Case Resolution in Indonesia.” The Journal of Development Studies 46, no. 3 (2010): 397–416. https://doi.org/10.1080/00220380903002913.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.
Total Abstract Views: 13 | Total Downloads: 4

Downloads

Authors

  • Mahfud Mahfud Universitas Syiah Kuala, Indonesia
  • Rizanizarli Rizanizarli Universitas Syiah Kuala, Indonesia

Published

2021-06-30

How to Cite

Mahfud, Mahfud, and Rizanizarli Rizanizarli. 2021. “Domestic Violence Against Women in Indonesia: The Recent Domestic Violence Elimination Law Analysis”. Fiat Justisia: Jurnal Ilmu Hukum 15 (4):385-98. https://doi.org/10.25041/fiatjustisia.v15no4.2276.

Issue

Section

Artikel

Author Biography

Mahfud Mahfud, Universitas Syiah Kuala

Mahfud joined Faculty of Law, University of Syiah Kuala Banda Aceh Indonesia in January 2005 and he is an assistant professor at the Criminal Law Department of the faculty. He obtained his LL.B from the University of Syiah Kuala in 2004 and received his LL.M. from Cardiff University, Wales, the United Kingdom in 2010. His research interests include Criminal Law, Criminal Procedure Law, International Criminal Law and Juvenile Justice System in Indonesia. He was in charge of the Criminal Law Department and the Secretary of International Class Program at the Faculty of Law, University of Syiah Kuala. He has been teaching Indonesian Criminal Law, International Criminal Law, Indonesian Criminal Procedure Law, Juvenile Justice System in Indonesia, specific crimes in the Indonesian Criminal Code and Criminology at the undergraduate level and the International Class Program (the Program that was developed by NUFFIC Project from the fund of the Dutch Government) of Faculty of Law, University of Syiah Kuala for more than 13 years. In addition, he has been involved in providing free legal consultations in cooperation with the Ministry of Law and Human Rights Banda Aceh, Indonesia as a part of community services.