The Basis of Constitutional Adjudication in Germany



The Federal Constitutional Court of Germany leads the judiciary’s independence by protecting human rights within the Basic Law’s legal framework. In this case, the jurisdiction of the Court is essential to analyse comprehensively. The first and foremost function is interpretation. It is concerned with the extent of a supreme federal authority’s rights and duties and the citizens who can enjoy the fundamental rights under the Basic Law. The rest are abstract judicial review, constitutional complaint, and concrete judicial review. These all seem to depend on the Court’s interpretation and the supremacy of human dignity. Therefore, the issues lie when human dignity becomes a constitutional principle to resolve economic, social, and political disputes within the constitutional framework both in Germany and the European Union in practice. This research will used qualitative approach method. According to the literature reviews, human dignity is supreme, but it does not mean absolute.


Constitutional Court, Constitutional Interpretation, Federal Human Rights Protection, Human Dignity, Judicial Independence


Annadurai, Kalaivani, Raja Danasekaran, and Geetha Mani. “Euthanasia: Right to Die with Dignity.” Journal of Family Medicine and Primary Care 3, no. 4 (2014): 477–78.

AOK. “Termination of Pregnancy,” 2020.

Arai-Takahashi, Yutaka. “Proportionality-A German Approach.” Amicus Curiae, no. 19 (1999): 11–13.

Arai-Yokoi, Yutaka. “Grading Scale of Degradation: Identifying The Threshold of Degrading Treatment or Punishment Under Article 3 ECHR.” Netherlands Quarterly of Human Rights 21, no. 3 (2003): 385–421.

Bazyler, Michael J. “Holocaust Denial Law and Other Legislation Criminalizing Promotion of Nazism,” 2021.

BBC News. “Germany Overturns Ban on Professionally Assisted Suicide,” 2020.

Bendor, Ariel L., and Michael Sachs. “The Constitutional Status of Human Dignity in Germany and Israel.” Israel Law Review 44, no. 1–2 (2011): 25–61.

Bundesverfassungsgericht. “Banning a Headscarf for a Legal Trainee Is Constitutional: Press Release No 13/2020,” 2020.

“Criminalisation of Assisted Suicide Services Unconstitutional: Press Release No. 12/2020,” 2020.

Bverfg. Headnotes to the judgment of the First Senate (2006).

Headnotes to the Judgment of the Second Senate (2020).

BVerfG. Judgment of the First Senate (2012).

Order of the Second Senate (2020).

Cohen-Eliya, Moshe, and Iddo Porat. “American Balancing and German Proportionality: A Historical Origins.” International Journal of Constitutional Law 8, no. 2 (2010): 263–86.

Deigh, John. “On Rights and Responsibilities.” Law and Philosophy 7, no. 2 (1988): 147–78. “Assisted Suicide in Europe,” 2020.

DW. “Bundestag Votes against ‘commercial’ Assisted Suicides,” 2015.

Ebert, Rainer, and Reginald M. J. Oduor. “The Concept of Human Dignity in German and Kenyan Constitutional Law.” Thought and Practice 4, no. 1 (2012): 43–73.

Eilers, Anke. “The Binding Effect of Federal Constitutional Court Decision upon Political Institutions.” Karlsruhe, 2003.

Enders, Christoph. “A Right to Have Rights: The German Constitutional Concept of Human Dignity.” NUJS Law Review 3, no. 3 (2010): 253–64.

“The Right to Have Rights: The Concept of Human Dignity in German Basic Law.” Revista de Estudos Constitucionais,Hermenêutica e Teoria Do Direito (RECHTD) 2, no. 1 (2010): 1–8. Authors:

European Commission. “Reforming the Common European Asylum System: Frequently Asked Questions,” 2006.

Evans v. the United Kingdom. Grand Chamber Judgment (2006).

Grimm, Dieter, Mattias Wendel, and Tobias Reinbacher. “European Constitutionalism and German Basic Law.” In National Constitutions in European and Global Governance: Democracy, Rights, the Rule of Law, edited by Anneli Albi and Samo Bardutzky, 432. Hague: ASSER Press, 2019.

Hamilton, Alexander. Federalist No. 78 (1788).

Handbook Germany. “German Basic Law,” 2020.

Hannum, Hurst. “The Right of Self-Determination in the Twenty-First Century.” Washington and Lee Law Review 55, no. 3 (1998): 773–80.

Henne, Thomas. “The History and Structure of German Basic Law-The Fundamental Structural Principles of the Federal Republic of German.” 2009.

Heun, Werner. The Constitution of Germany: A Contextual Analysis. London: Hurt Publishing, 2011.

Jackson, Vicki C. “Constitution as ‘Living Trees’? Comparative Constitutional Law and Interpretative Metaphors.” Fordham Law Review 75, no. 2 (2006): 921–60.

Kommers, Donald P. “German Constitutionalism: A Prolegomenon.” Emory Law Journal 40 (1991): 837–73.

Krotoszynski, Ronald J. “The Polysemy of Privacy.” Indiana Law Journal 88, no. 3 (2013): 881–918.

Limbach, Jutta. “How a Constitution Can Safeguard the Democracy: The German Experience,” 2016. & Seminar/JuttaLimbach.pdf.

Lubbe-Wolff, Gertrude. “The Principle of Proportionality In the Case-Law of the German Federal Constitutional Court.” Human Rights Law Journal 34, no. 6 (2014): 12–17.

Mahony, Conor O’. “There Is No Right to Dignity.” International Journal of Constitutional Law 10, no. 2 (2012): 551–74.

McCrudden, Christopher. “Human Dignity and Judicial Interpretation of Human Rights.” The European Journal of International Law 19, no. 4 (2008): 655–724.

Meulen, Ruud ter. “Dignity, Posthumanism, and the Community of Values.” The American Journal of Bioethics 10, no. 7 (2010): 69–70.

Omega Spielhallen and Automatenaufstellungs–GmbH v. Oberburgermeisterin der Bundesstadt Bonn. Case C-36/02 (2004).

Palguna, I Dewa Gede. “Constitutional Complaint and The Protection of Citizens The Constitutional Citizens.” Constitutional Review 3, no. 1 (2017): 1–23.

Plank, Tomas. “The Essential Elements of Judicial Independence and the Experience of Pre-Soviet Russia.” William and Merry Will of Rights Journal 5, no. 1 (1996): 1–74.

Sanden, Joachim. “Methods of Interpretation of the Constitution: Estonia Way’s in an Increasingly Integrated Europe.” Juridica International, no. 8 (2003): 128–39.

Sartori, Daria. “End-of-Life Issues and the European Court of Human Rights.” Question of International Law Journal 52 (2018): 23–43.

Steinmann, AC. “The Core Meaning of Human Dignity.” Potchefstroom Electronic Law Journal 19, no. 1 (2016): 1–32. 3781/2016/v19i0a1244.

The Uni Tutor. “Why Human Dignity Is Important?,” 2015.

Tyrer v. The United Kingdom. Court (Chamber) Judgement (1978).

UNPO. “Self-Determination.” Unrepresented Nations & Peoples Organization, 2017.

Vega, Geraldina Gonzalez de la. “Two Different Approaches in Constitutional Interpretation with a Particular Focus on Religious Freedom: A Comparative Study between Germany and the United States.” Boletín Mexicano de Derecho Comparado 41, no. 122 (2007): 795–833.

Vereinigung Bildender Kunstler v. Austria. Judgement (2007).

Vo v. France. Grand Chamber Judgment (2004).

Wöhrmann, Gotthard. “The Federal Constitutional Court: An Introduction.” German Law Archive, 2013.


Download data is not yet available.
Total Abstract Views: 26 | Total Downloads: 17



  • Nge Nge Aung University of Debrecen Marton Geza Doctoral School of Legal Studies, Hungary



How to Cite

Aung, Nge Nge. 2022. “The Basis of Constitutional Adjudication in Germany”. Fiat Justisia: Jurnal Ilmu Hukum 16 (1):47-64.