Mandatory Author Declaration

An Author Declaration is a mandatory part of a submission. This Declaration covers a number of logistic and ethical issues, which are described below. A template for the mandatory author declaration will be found at the end of this document. Authors may save this template, obtain the required signatures and then upload it as a part of their submission.

Corresponding Author

The name, address, phone number, and valid email address of the corresponding author. The Corresponding Author is the person who is responsible for the manuscript as it moves through the journal’s submission process. This person must be registered with Editorial Manager as all correspondence pertaining to the manuscript will be sent to him/her via the system. The Corresponding Author is the person responsible for making any edits/submitting revisions to the manuscript and is the only author who may view the progress of the manuscript as it moves from one stage to the next. He/she is responsible for communicating with the other authors about progress, revisions and final approval of the proofs and is the only authorised contact with the Editorial Office.

Redundant or Duplicate Publication

Redundant or duplicate publication is publication of a paper that overlaps substantially with one already published. If redundant or duplicate publication is attempted or occurs without notification to the Editor, authors should expect editorial action to be taken.

When submitting a paper, the author should always make a full statement to the editor about all submissions and previous papers that might be regarded as redundant or duplicate publication of the same or very similar work. The author should alert the editor if the work includes subjects about which a previous paper has been published. Any such work should be referred to and referenced in the new paper. Copies of such material, including papers in press, should be included with the submitted paper to assist the editor in determining how to handle the matter.


It is required that the Author Declaration be signed by all authors. All persons designated as authors should qualify for authorship, and all those who qualify should be listed. Each author should have participated sufficiently in the work to take public responsibility for appropriate portions of the content. The corresponding author should take responsibility for the integrity of the work as a whole, from inception to published article. Authorship credit should be based only on 1) substantial contributions to conception and design, or acquisition of data, or analysis and interpretation of data; 2) drafting the article or revising it critically for important intellectual content; and 3) final approval of the version to be published. Conditions 1, 2, and 3 must all be met. The order of authorship on the by-line is a matter for the institution(s) and must be agreed by all named authors prior to submission.

Addition, deletion, or rearrangement of author names in an accepted manuscript’s authorship

Before the accepted manuscript is published in an online issue

Requests to add or remove an author, or to rearrange the author names, must be sent to the Journal Manager from the corresponding author of the accepted manuscript and must include:

  • The reason the name should be added or removed, or the author names rearranged.
  • Written confirmation (email, fax, letter) from all authors that they agree with the addition, removal or rearrangement. In the case of addition or removal of authors, this includes confirmation from the author being added or removed.

Requests that are not sent by the corresponding author will be forwarded on by the Journal Manager to the corresponding author, who must follow the procedure as described above.

Note that:

  • Journal managers will inform Editors of any such requests
  • Publication of the accepted manuscript in an online issue is suspended until authorship has been agreed

After the accepted manuscript is published in an online issue

Any requests to add, delete, or rearrange author names in an article published in an online issue will follow the same policies as noted above and result in a corrigendum.

Conflict of Interest

Author conflict of interest for a given manuscript exists when an author has ties to activities that could inappropriately influence his or her judgment, whether or not judgment is in fact affected. Financial relationships with industry are usually considered to be the most important conflicts of interest.

When submitting a manuscript authors are responsible for recognizing and disclosing financial and other conflicts of interest that might bias their work. They should acknowledge in the manuscript all financial support for the work and other financial or personal connections to the work. If there are no such conflicts or financial support to acknowledge, the authors should declare this by the following statement: The authors confirm that there are no known conflicts of interest associated with this publication and there has been no significant financial support for this work that could have influenced its outcome.

Ethical Issues

When reporting experiments on animals, authors should indicate whether the institution's or a national research council's guide for, or any national law on, the care and use of laboratory animals was followed. When reporting experiments on human subjects, authors should indicate whether the procedures followed were in accordance with the ethical standards of the responsible committee on human experimentation (institutional or regional) and with the Helsinki Declaration of 1975, as revised in 1983.

This means that the authors must make a clear statement that the laws which apply to them in their own country were followed. For the detailed information about the ethical statement, please refer to the Research Ethics Statement here.


All contributors who do not meet the criteria for authorship, such as a person who provided purely technical help, writing assistance, or a department chair who provided only general support should be listed in the acknowledgments. Financial and material support should also be recognised in the acknowledgments.

Impact Statement

Authors are encouraged to include a statement of their understanding of the importance and impact of their work. This should not be speculation on vague possibilities for clinical use but a precise statement relating to the underlying science. A concise statement of this impact should be included at the introduction section.



We the undersigned declare that this manuscript is original, has not been published before and is not currently being considered for publication elsewhere.

We would like to draw the attention of the Editor to the following publications of one or more of us that refer to aspects of the manuscript presently being submitted. Where relevant copies of such publications are attached. [CAN BE DELETED IF NOT RELEVANT]

We wish to draw the attention of the Editor to the following facts which may be considered as potential conflicts of interest and to significant financial contributions to this work. [OR] We wish to confirm that there are no known conflicts of interest associated with this publication and there has been no significant financial support for this work that could have influenced its outcome.

We confirm that the manuscript has been read and approved by all named authors and that there are no other persons who satisfied the criteria for authorship but are not listed. We further confirm that the order of authors listed in the manuscript has been approved by all of us.

We confirm that we have given due consideration to the protection of intellectual property associated with this work and that there are no impediments to publication, including the timing of publication, with respect to intellectual property. In so doing we confirm that we have followed the regulations of our institutions concerning intellectual property.

We confirm that any aspect of the work covered in this manuscript that has involved either experimental animals or human patients has been conducted with the ethical approval of all relevant bodies. [CAN BE DELETED IF NOT RELEVANT]

We further confirm that all identifiable individual data is shared with consent from the respective parties . [CAN BE DELETED IF NOT RELEVANT]

We understand that the Corresponding Author is the sole contact for the Editorial process (including Editorial Manager and direct communications with the office). He/she is responsible for communicating with the other authors about progress, submissions of revisions and final approval of proofs. We confirm that we have provided a current, correct email address which is accessible by the Corresponding Author and which has been configured to accept email from,,  


Signed by all authors as follows: