Gender Equality in Law Number 4 of 2019 Concerning Midwifery as a Fulfillment of Citizens' Constitutional Rights

Comparative Study of Indonesia and the Netherlands

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.25041/constitutionale.v4i2.3138

Abstract

Legal protection of human rights (HAM) is sought to avoid discriminatory acts, especially the midwifery sector as the fulfillment of basic rights inherent and protected by the constitution as stipulated in article 27 paragraph (2) of the 1945 Constitution of the Republic of Indonesia which states that every citizen has the right to work and a decent living for humanity. Thus violating the right to obtain work between men and women is a violation of human rights. However, Law Number 4 of 2019 Concerning Midwifery contains elements of discrimination in the midwifery profession, where men cannot become midwives, only limited to becoming obstetricians. Meanwhile, women have the freedom to choose to become midwives or obstetricians. The discrimination contained in the Midwifery Law needs to be analyzed from the perspective of the 1945 Constitution, as well as comparing regulations with the Netherlands to be able to describe the problem in depth. This research uses a normative-empirical legal method, which is a research method that will be studied combining 2 elements, namely normative legal elements and empirical legal elements. Normative law is based on literature data such as books in legal science literature, doctrines or expert opinions, scientific papers, articles, and journals, legislation and internet pages related to the problems in this study with author that can be accounted for. Empirical law is carried out based on field data as the main data source, which is generated through interviews with several informants related to the problems in this study. The results show that the formation of Law Number 4 of 2019 concerning Midwifery is considered contrary to some of the contents of the articles contained in the 1945 Constitution of the Republic of Indonesia, and the development of midwifery regulations in Indonesia needs to follow the example of the Netherlands by continuing to make men able to work as midwives, provided that the patient's consent is obtained.

Keywords:

Discrimination, Male, Midwifery

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Undang-Undang Nomor 4 Tahun 2019 tentang Kebidanan

Mediaperawat, Peran dan Fungsi Perawat Maternitas, diakses tanggal 5 Maret 2023 melalui https://mediaperawat.id/peran-dan-fungsi-perawat-maternitas/

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Authors

  • Monica Viny Angraini Fakultas Hukum, Universitas Lampung, Indonesia
  • Yusnani Hasyimzum Fakultas Hukum, Universitas Lampung, Indonesia
  • Martha Riananda Fakultas Hukum, Universitas Lampung, Indonesia

Published

2023-12-11

How to Cite

Angraini, Monica Viny, Yusnani Hasyimzum, and Martha Riananda. 2023. “Gender Equality in Law Number 4 of 2019 Concerning Midwifery As a Fulfillment of Citizens’ Constitutional Rights : Comparative Study of Indonesia and the Netherlands”. Constitutionale 4 (2):127-36. https://doi.org/10.25041/constitutionale.v4i2.3138.

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