Distinction Between Victims and Criminals In Relation To Using Narcotics Illegally in Indonesia

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.25041/plr.v2i1.2306

Abstract

It is unprecedented that the Act Number 35, 2009 on Narcotics has incorporated the term of victims towards illegal users of narcotics which cannot be convicted for the crime and provided them with treatment at special rehabilitation center as worded in Article 103 (1) (b) of the Act. However, Article 103 (1) (a) of the Act also provides the possibility for those using narcotics illegally to be convicted. It causes law enforces might find it difficult to differentiate between victims and criminals concerning this violation. This research aims to discuss the definition of illegal narcotic users under the Narcotic Act 2009 and the criteria used by law enforcers in distinguishing between victims and criminals. This is a juridical normative research by using the method encompassing document analysis of the Narcotic Act 2009 and other relevant laws will be adopted in discussing the issue. This research reveals that the Act recognises the users of illegal narcotics as fully victims if they use narcotics with a certain amount for themselves only and considers the illegal narcotics users as criminals if they provide the substances for other people. The Act has governed illegal using of the substances in Articles 1 points (13), (15), 7, 111, 112, and 114. Surprisingly, the Act provided both fully victims and victims of being found guilty first treatment in the rehabilitation centre for certain period.

Keywords:

Distinction, Victims, Criminals, Illegally

References

Afrizal, Riki, and Upita Anggunsuri. “Optimalisasi Proses Asesmen Terhadap Penyalah Guna Narkotika Dalam Rangka Efektivitas Rehabilitasi Medis Dan Sosial Bagi Pecandu Narkotika.” Jurnal Penelitian Hukum De Jure 19, no. 3 (September 30, 2019): 259. https://doi.org/10.30641/dejure.2019.v19.259-268.

AMANDA, MAUDY PRITHA, SAHADI HUMAEDI, and MEILANNY BUDIARTI SANTOSO. “PENYALAHGUNAAN NARKOBA DI KALANGAN REMAJA (ADOLESCENT SUBSTANCE ABUSE).” Prosiding Penelitian Dan Pengabdian Kepada Masyarakat 4, no. 2 (July 31, 2017): 129–389. https://doi.org/10.24198/jppm.v4i2.14392.

Ariyanti, Vivi. “Kedudukan Korban Penyalahgunaan Narkotika Dalam Hukum Pidana Indonesia Dan Hukum Pidana Islam.” Al-Manahij: Jurnal Kajian Hukum Islam 11, no. 2 (December 1, 2017): 247–62. https://doi.org/10.24090/mnh.v11i2.1300.

Ariyanti, Vivi. “THE VICTIMS OF DRUGS ABUSE AND THEIR LEGAL STATUS IN THE INDONESIAN NARCOTICS LAW.” International Journal of Business, Economics and Law 13, no. 4 (2017). http://ijbel.com/wp-content/uploads/2017/10/LAW-66.pdf.

Busnarma, Tommy. “PENERAPAN SANKSI PIDANA DENDA TERHADAP PELAKU TINDAK PIDANA PENYALAHGUNAAN DAN PEREDARAN GELAP NARKOTIKA DI PENGADILAN NEGERI PADANG.” Soumatera Law Review 2, no. 1 (May 1, 2019): 172. https://doi.org/10.22216/soumlaw.v2i1.3559.

Davis, Sara L.M., Agus Triwahyuono, and Risa Alexander. “Survey of Abuses against Injecting Drug Users in Indonesia.” Harm Reduction Journal 6, no. 1 (October 24, 2009): 1–6. https://doi.org/10.1186/1477-7517-6-28.

Eleanora, Fransiska Novita. “BAHAYA PENYALAHGUNAAN NARKOBA SERTA USAHA PENCEGAHAN DAN PENANGGULANGANNYA (Suatu Tinjauan Teoritis).” Jurnal Hukum. Vol. 25, July 13, 2020. http://jurnal.unissula.ac.id/index.php/jurnalhukum/article/view/203.

Herindrasti, Sinta Lusia Valentina. “Drug-Free ASEAN 2025: Tantangan Indonesia Dalam Penanggulangan Penyalahgunaan Narkoba.” Jurnal Hubungan Internasional 7, no. 1 (2018). https://borang.umy.ac.id/index.php/jhi/article/view/3944.

Jufri, Mahfud. “The Roles of Victims in the ICC: Victims’ Protection or the Accused’s Fair Trial Right Violation?” Hasanuddin Law Review 5, no. 1 (April 28, 2019): 28. https://doi.org/10.20956/halrev.v5i1.1423.

Lai, Gloria, Asmin Fransiska, and Ruth Birgin. “Drug Policy in Indonesia.” SSRN Electronic Journal, August 22, 2013. https://doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.2290259.

Laksana, Andri Winjaya. “TINJAUAN HUKUM PEMIDANAAN TERHADAP PELAKU PENYALAHGUNA NARKOTIKA DENGAN SISTEM REHABILITASI.” Jurnal Pembaharuan Hukum 2, no. 1 (July 8, 2016): 74. https://doi.org/10.26532/jph.v2i1.1417.

Muslikan, Muslikan, and Muhammad Taufiq. “PELAKSANAAN ASSESMEN TENTANG REHABILITASI TERHADAP KORBAN PENYALAHGUNAAN NARKOTIKA DITINJAU DARI PERATURAN PERUNDANG-UNDANGAN.” JURNAL ILMIAH LIVING LAW 11, no. 1 (March 18, 2019): 61. https://doi.org/10.30997/jill.v11i1.1639.

Novitasari, Dina. “Rehabilitasi Terhadap Terhadap Anak Korban Penyalahgunaan Narkoba.” Jurnal Hukum Khaira Ummah 12, no. 4 (December 10, 2017): 917–26. http://lppm-unissula.com/jurnal.unissula.ac.id/index.php/jhku/article/view/2567.

Novitasari, Novi, and Nur Rochaeti. “Proses Penegakan Hukum Terhadap Tindak Pidana Penyalahgunaan Narkotika Yang Dilakukan Oleh Anak.” Jurnal Pembangunan Hukum Indonesia. Vol. 3. PROGRAM STUDI MAGISTER ILMU HUKUM FAKULTAS HUKUM UNIVERSITAS DIPONEGORO, January 30, 2021. https://doi.org/10.14710/JPHI.V3I1.96-108.

Purnomowardani, Agnes Dewanti, and - Koentjoro. “PENYINGKAPAN-DIRI, PERILAKU SEKSUAL, DAN PENYALAHGUNAAN NARKOBA.” Jurnal Psikologi 27, no. 1 (2000): 60–72. https://doi.org/10.22146/JPSI.7010.

Purwatiningsih, Sri. “PENYALAHGUNAAN NARKOBA DI INDONESIA.” Populasi 12, no. 1 (July 19, 2001). https://doi.org/10.22146/jp.12275.

Rahmadona, Elviza, and Helfi Agustin. “FAKTOR YANG BERHUBUNGAN DENGAN PENYALAHGUNAAN NARKOBA DI RSJ PROF. HB. SA’ANIN.” Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat Andalas 8, no. 2 (April 1, 2014): 60–66. https://doi.org/10.24893/JKMA.V8I2.127.

Ricardo, and Paul. “UPAYA PENANGGULANGAN PENYALAHGUNAAN NARKOBA OLEH KEPOLISIAN (STUDI KASUS SATUAN NARKOBA POLRES METRO BEKASI).” Jurnal Kriminologi Indonesia 6, no. 3 (2012). http://www.ijil.ui.ac.id/index.php/jki/article/view/1105.

Saifuddin, Bandaharo. “Korban Penyalahgunaan Narkotika Dibawah 1 Gram Harus Direhabilitasi Bukan Pidana Penjara.” JUSTITIA : Jurnal Ilmu Hukum Dan Humaniora 1, no. 2 (August 2, 2019): 15. https://doi.org/10.31604/justitia.v1i2.15-22.

Saputra, Hera, and Munsharif Abdul Chalim. “Penerapan Sistem Pemidanaan Terhadap Pelaku Tindak Pidana Penyalahgunaan Narkoba (Studi Kasus Di Polda Jateng).” Jurnal Daulat Hukum 1, no. 1 (March 7, 2018). https://doi.org/10.30659/jdh.v1i1.2630.

Sholihah, Qomariyatus. “EFEKTIVITAS PROGRAM P4GN TERHADAP PENCEGAHAN PENYALAHGUNAAN NAPZA.” Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat 10, no. 2 (January 1, 2015): 153. https://doi.org/10.15294/kemas.v10i2.3376.

Silalahi, Dian Herdian. “Penanggulangan Tindak Pidana Penyalahgunaan Narkotika Di SATRES Narkoba Polres Tebing Tinggi.” Jurnal Ilmiah Penegakan Hukum 5, no. 2 (February 11, 2019): 60. https://doi.org/10.31289/jiph.v5i2.2182.

Simanungkalit, Parasian. “MODEL PEMIDANAAN YANG IDEAL BAGI KORBAN PENGGUNA NARKOBA DI INDONESIA.” Yustisia Jurnal Hukum 1, no. 3 (December 1, 2012). https://doi.org/10.20961/yustisia.v1i3.10090.

Suisno, Suisno. “TINJAUAN YURIDIS PERANTARA TINDAK PIDANA NARKOTIKA MENURUT UNDANG-UNDANG NOMOR 35 TAHUN 2009.” Jurnal Independent 5, no. 2 (September 1, 2017): 69. https://doi.org/10.30736/ji.v5i2.75.

Surhayanti, Noni. “PROGRESIVITAS DALAM PENEGAKAN HUKUM PENYALAHGUNA NARKOTIKA.” Kertha Patrika 39, no. 2 (December 5, 2017): 133. https://doi.org/10.24843/kp.2017.v39.i02.p05.

Syafi’i, Ahmad. “PENYALAHGUNAAN NARKOBA DALAM PERSPEKTIF HUKUM POSITIF DAN HUKUM ISLAM.” HUNAFA: Jurnal Studia Islamika 6, no. 2 (August 15, 2009): 219. https://doi.org/10.24239/jsi.v6i2.135.219-232.

Wibowo, Arief, I Made, Widyantara, Ni Made, and Sukaryati Karma. “Jurnal Analogi Hukum Pelaksanaan Sema 4 Tahun 2010 Bagi Pelaku Penyalahgunaan Narkotika Dalam Penyidikan Kepolisian.” Jurnal Analogi Hukum 1, no. 1 (December 17, 2019): 34–39. https://doi.org/10.22225/.1.1.1458.34-39.

The Law Number 35, 2009 on Narcotics

The Circular Letter of the Supreme Court Number 4, 2010 on the Placement of Narcotics Misuse, Victims of Misuse into Medical and Social Rehabilitation Institution.

The Narcotics National Board Regulation Number 11, 2014 on Procedures on Dealing With the Suspect and/or the Accused of Addicted Persons to Narcotics and Victims of Illegal Use of Narcotics into Rehabilitation Centre.

The Supreme Court Directive Number 3, 2015 on the Implementation of Plenary Meeting Result of the Indonesian Supreme Court as the Guidance in a Court Tasks Implementation Ruling the Criminal Law Section.

Simangunsong, Jimmy. "Penyalahgunaan Narkoba Di Kalangan Remaja (Studi kasus pada Badan Narkotika Nasional Kota Tanjungpinang)." Program Studi Ilmu SosiologiFakultas Ilmu Sosial Dan Politik Universitas Maritim Raja Ali Haji Tanjungpinang. (E-journal) http://hukum. Student journal. ub. ac. id (di akses pada 20 (2015).

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.
Total Abstract Views: 17 | Total Downloads: 6

Downloads

Authors

  • Mahfud Mahfud Universitas Syiah Kuala, Indonesia
  • Faisal A. Rani Universitas Syiah Kuala, Indonesia
  • Rizanizarli Rizanizarli Universitas Syiah Kuala, Indonesia

Published

2021-04-29

Issue

Section

Artikel

Author Biography

Mahfud Mahfud, Universitas Syiah Kuala

Mahfud joined Faculty of Law, University of Syiah Kuala Banda Aceh Indonesia in January 2005 and he is an assistant professor at the Criminal Law Department of the faculty. He obtained his LL.B from the University of Syiah Kuala in 2004 and received his LL.M. from Cardiff University, Wales, the United Kingdom in 2010. His research interests include Criminal Law, Criminal Procedure Law, International Criminal Law and Juvenile Justice System in Indonesia. He was in charge of the Criminal Law Department and the Secretary of International Class Program at the Faculty of Law, University of Syiah Kuala. He has been teaching Indonesian Criminal Law, International Criminal Law, Indonesian Criminal Procedure Law, Juvenile Justice System in Indonesia, specific crimes in the Indonesian Criminal Code and Criminology at the undergraduate level and the International Class Program (the Program that was developed by NUFFIC Project from the fund of the Dutch Government) of Faculty of Law, University of Syiah Kuala for more than 13 years. In addition, he has been involved in providing free legal consultations in cooperation with the Ministry of Law and Human Rights Banda Aceh, Indonesia as a part of community services.